If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Acadian Anomalies

Monday, November 30, 2009
Anomalous Native American Lineages Now Identified Also among Micmac Indians After posting “Anomalous Mitochondrial DNA Lineages in the Cherokee,” and after being interviewed on the subject by an Internet radio show host, I was contacted by participants in the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project who were struck by similarities in results for the two groups. Established in 2006, the Amerindian Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA Project mission is to research and publish the mtDNA and Y chromosome genetic test results of site participants who descend from persons living in Nova Scotia and surrounding environs in the 17th and 18th centuries, focusing specifically upon the early population of l'Acadie. As part of the mission, the Project develops a database of published mtDNA and Y Chromosome test results and encourages the sharing of this information among other similarly focused studies for the purposes of comparison and the advancement of science and research. According to Project Administrator Marie A. Rundquist, “We descend from both Amerindians (mostly Mi’kmaq) and the early French settlers who arrived in Port Royal in the 1600s, many of them single French men who married Amerindian wives, whose families would become pioneers of the New World. Our family lines have extended well-beyond the original boundaries of what was known to the French as Acadia, but to our AmerIndian ancestors as Mi’kma’ki, as our ancestors settled the outer-reaches of Nova Scotia, including Cape Breton, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. Our family lines continue to extend, traversing the entire North American continent and beyond.” She adds, “Many who live in the United States trace their genealogies back to the first Acadian AmerIndian immigrants who arrived in Louisiana after being deported from Nova Scotia by the British in 1755 (in the "Grand Deportation') -- and belong to a ‘Cajun’ community known worldwide for its food, flair, fun, and love of all things French. Several members belong, as it turns out, to rare haplogroups X, U, and other "anomalous types" as compiled by me for DNA Consultants customers and reported in the previous blog post. Some highlights from the study of Cherokee descendants are:
  • H, the most common European type today, is virtually absent, demonstrating lack of inflow from recent Europeans
  • J present in lines explicitly recognized to be Cherokee
  • X the signature of a Canaanite people whose center of diffusion was the Hills of Galilee, hypothetically correlating with Jews and Phoenicians
  • U suggesting Eastern Mediterranean, specifically Greek
  • K also suggesting Eastern Mediterranean or Middle Eastern, hypothetically correlating with Jews and Phoenicians
  • T reflecting Egyptian high frequencies found almost nowhere else
According to Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman, the Cumberland Gap mtDNA Project with overlapping territory with the Cherokee and Melungeon homelands in the Southern Appalachian Mountains also shows elevated frequencies of T. Project administrator Roberta Estes recently published the results of a large study of Native American Eastern Seaboard mixed populations “in relation to Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony of Roanoke” in the online Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 5(2):96-130, 2009. Estes is a board member of the Melungeon Historical Society and has an introduction with links to the study and its data on the society’s blog, titled “Where Have All the Indians Gone?” Harvard University professor Barry Fell in his book Saga America first published in 1980 presented historical, epigraphic, archeological and linguistic evidence suggesting links between Greeks and Egyptians and the Algonquian Indians of Nova Scotia, Acadia and surrounding regions around the mouth of the St. Lawrence Seaway, particularly the Abnaki ("White") and Micmac Indians. He noted as early as 1976 in his previous study America B.C. that the second century CE Greek historian Plutarch recorded “Greeks had settled among the barbarian peoples of the Western Epeiros (continent).” Fell inferred from Plutarch’s passage “these Greeks had intermarried with the barbarians, had adopted thier language, but had blended their own Greek language with it.” In an appendix, he assembled extensive word-lists comparing Abenaki and Micmac vocabulary in the areas of navigation, fishing, astronomy, meteorology, justice and administration, medicine, anatomy, and economy with virtually identical terms in Ptolemaic Greek. One example is Greek ap’aktes Abenaki/Micmac ab’akt English “a distant shore.” Fell’s work was continued by John H. Cooper, “Ancient Greek Cultural and Linguistic Influences in Atlantic North America,” NEARA JOURNAL 35/2. Acadia project’s website is: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/AcadianAmerIndian/default.aspx.

More information about Melungeons
Toward a Genetic Profile of Melungeons in Southern Appalachia
Melungeon Studies
Melungeon Match


Anonymous commented on 18-Jun-2011 02:08 PM

My mother's family has roots from one of the very early Grandmother's of Acadia (Nova Scotia) and my father's parents were born in Sweden. I had my DNA done and my autosomal DNA gives me a 98.6 % with 1.86 error ratio of being from the Orkney Islands..
I am blown away by this finding as I never heard of Orkney Islands until this week and my mother's family is theoretically French.. I can see my father's family originating from the islands as he is a Swede.. I am very interested in any discussion on this
finding.. Thank you

Frazer Campbell commented on 09-Aug-2011 08:05 AM

Hi re the entry above about Nova Scotia and Orkney. It might be that your Orcadian roots are a result of contact with the Hudson Bay Company. Around 75% of Hudson Bay employees were from Orkney, quite a few married Cree women . I am busy with a project
until October 2011 but if you want help to explore this further let me know and I'll try my best. Kind regards Frazer Campbell

Keith Gilbert commented on 24-Mar-2012 04:55 PM

I am 72 years old, my mother was a Mouton. At age 8 my maternal grandmother told me we were Jews...ours was the most un religious family you can imatine.

Keith Gilbert commented on 28-Apr-2012 06:44 PM

I am a descendant of the Mouton line...am very interested in how the Jewish migration to Nova Scotia (Acadia) happened.

Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Lab Corp University of Leicester Sasquatch Sonora pheromones New York Review of Books Virginia genealogy Mary Settegast Jewish GenWeb polydactylism haplogroup H Bode Technology William Byrd Stacy Schiff Harold Goodwin Cave art Colin Pitchfork Chauvet cave paintings David Cornish Bradshaw Foundation andrew solomon Phoenicians news Melungeon Union bloviators Stony Creek Baptist Church Holocaust Database single nucleotide polymorphism Cismar mental foramen James Shoemaker consanguinity Dienekes Anthropology Blog Jewish genetics Pueblo Indians Middle Eastern DNA Early Jews of England and Wales M. J. Harper Cismaru DNA security Pomponia Graecina Telltown Pueblo Grande Museum Navajo Leicester Stone Age Kari Carpenter Asian DNA Freemont Indians Svante Paabo MHC Mucogee Creeks Roberta Estes Philippa Langley Etruscans rock art French DNA Melungeons medicine Bill Tiffee Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology mummies Monya Baker Stephen Oppenheimer Jesse Montes Hispanic ancestry Asiatic Echoes Greeks Harold Sterling Gladwin American history horizontal inheritance Donald N. Yates Y chromosomal haplogroups Zuni Indians Mark Stoneking Joel E. Harris DNA Diagnostics Center Kurgan Culture North African DNA George Starr-Bresette Cohen Modal Haplotype Nadia Abu El-Haj Stan Steiner Richard Buckley Genome Sciences Building Brian Wilkes Richard III Odessa Shields Cox Promega The Nation magazine DNA Fingerprint Test X chromosome Douglas C. Wallace PNAS Texas A&M University Henriette Mertz Bigfoot genetic determinism Luca Pagani human migrations Iran ged.com Wikipedia ancient DNA Salt River familial Mediterranean fever Hertfordshire Barack Obama Roma People alleles Janet Lewis Crain evolution Monica Sanowar methylation Sea Peoples Sarmatians aliyah King Arthur Hohokam Zionism Timothy Bestor Central Band of Cherokee Antonio Torroni Anglo-Saxons Rebecca L. Cann Joseph Andrew Park Wilson Thuya New York Academy of Sciences Khoisan genetics clan symbols John Butler Alabama Thruston Tablet seafaring Bryan Sykes DNA Forums National Museum of Natural History England Germany Majorca Discover magazine Muslims in American history Panther's Lodge Publishers Secret History of the Cherokee Indians Cherokee DNA Project Arizona Anacostia Indians Oxford Nanopore Europe linguistics Miguel Gonzalez Clovis Irish Central Patagonia Wendy Roth GlobalFiler haplogroup D Nature Communications Romania Sam Kean forensics Cooper surname Nancy Gentry Erika Chek Hayden Marija Gimbutas genealogy origins of art Walter Plecker Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Shlomo Sand ethnicity Michoacan Epigraphic Society Anne C. Stone Neanderthals personal genomics health and medicine Patrick Henry FOX News Mark Thomas haplogroup N Hopi Indians North Carolina Tutankamun Albert Einstein College of Medicine statistics Life Technologies Fritz Zimmerman genomics labs prehistory anthropology National Geographic Daily News DNA magazine Tifaneg Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) Nature Genetics Choctaw Indians cannibalism Scotland Karenn Worstell Native American DNA Maronites Black Dutch Belgium Hawaii Cherokee Nation of Oklahoma Tennessee Basques FDA Plato Peter Martyr African DNA Mother Qualla Jalisco New York Times District of Columbia Science magazine Peter Parham Mary Kugler John Wilwol Ukraine Hohokam Indians haplogroup T family history Carl Zimmer Arabia Tintagel Old Souls in a New World Anasazi palatal tori BATWING ISOGG 23andme Sizemore surname Tucson Ron Janke Ashkenazi Jews El Castillo cave paintings Gypsies Johnny Depp Rush Limbaugh Isabel Allende Ziesmer, Zizmor metis Melungeon Heritage Association Juanita Sims Russia surnames Beringia gedmatch Indian Territory Melungeon Movement Sizemore Indians Algonquian Indians immunology Rich Crankshaw Richmond California Slovakia King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales Holocaust Teresa Panther-Yates Alec Jeffreys Waynesboro Pennsylvania Oxford Journal of Evolution John Ruskamp bar mitzvah Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman Altai Turks Cleopatra Valparaiso University Zizmer Colima Ethel Cox Charles Perou Current Anthropology Rutgers University Barnard College AP Anne Marie Fine population isolates Puerto Rico oncology Lebanon Cherokee DNA Middle Ages Discovery Channel haplogroup W Jan Ravenspirit Franz Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Pima Indians Taino Indians Maui Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America Maya Finnish people Kate Wong haplogroup M DNA testing companies Ostenaco phenotype Cree Indians breast cancer Genex Diagnostics Constantine Rafinesque Moundbuilders Victor Hugo Virginia DeMarce Cajuns haplogroup U Arabic haplogroup R Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act Chuetas EURO DNA Fingerprint Test Chris Stringer education autosomal DNA admixture FBI Italy Grim Sleeper Ireland Melba Ketchum Charlotte Harris Reese Asiatic Fathers of America Gunnar Thompson Comanche Indians Columbia University Eske Willerslev Nayarit Riane Eisler Central Band of Cherokees Echota Cherokee Tribe of Alabama Havasupai Indians London Irish DNA occipital bun Colin Renfrew powwows Ari Plost Israel haplogroup C National Health Laboratories human leukocyte testing Nikola Tesla Mexico Satoshi Horai Denisovans Robinson Crusoe French Canadians HapMap history of science mutation rate mitochondrial DNA Melanesians DNA Fingerprint Test Richard Dewhurst Navajo Indians Mohawk Harry Ostrer Gila River Tom Martin Scroft Lithuania haplogroup E India myths Smithsonian Magazine Smithsonian Institution pipe carving Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Paleolithic Age B'nai Abraham Michael Grant research Richard Lewontin Elizabeth DeLand Marie Cheng Neolithic Revolution Terry Gross Indo-Europeans Bering Land Bridge First Peoples CODIS markers Elizabeth C. Hirschman Turkic DNA hominids Abenaki Indians ethics Israel, Shlomo Sand Jon Entine Panther's Lodge Micmac Indians Horatio Cushman INORA microsatellites far from the tree European DNA Native American DNA Test Y chromosome DNA Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America Applied Epistemology private allele megapopulations Russell Belk Rare Genes Eric Wayner Wendell Paulson When Scotland Was Jewish Washington D.C. Acadians Bentley surname research Mildred Gentry population genetics Jim Bentley Olmec Theodore Steinberg Gravettian culture Daniel Defoe genetic memory Louis XVI human leukocyte antigens Bureau of Indian Affairs haplogroup X Abraham Lincoln haplogroup J peopling of the Americas Douglas Owsley Michael Schwartz Jone Entine Black Irish Egyptians Sinaloa BBCNews Patrick Pynes rapid DNA testing Wales Cornwall Old World Roots of the Cherokee clinical chemistry Kennewick Man art history Elvis Presley DNA Ananya Mandal IntegenX New Mexico Ripan Malhi Henry IV Jewish novelists Joseph Jacobs Jews Phillipe Charlier Elzina Grimwood haplogroup B Helladic art Khazars Chris Tyler-Smith Charles Darwin haplogroup Z Solutreans Bulgaria hoaxes ethnic markers Caucasian Kentucky ENFSI Phoenix archeology corn Amy Harmon Phyllis Starnes climate change Sorbs Britain N. Brent Kennedy Les Miserables giants Akhenaten cancer Sinti Kari Schroeder Penny Ferguson Henry VII epigenetics Nova Scotia NPR Arizona State University Gregory Mendel crypto-Jews Jewish contribution to world literature Keros Cancer Genome Atlas George van der Merwede Celts Great Goddess Family Tree DNA Cherokee Freedmen Bryony Jones Rafael Falk Sir Joshua Reynolds Yates surname prehistoric art Austro-Hungary Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis James Stritzel religion Population genetics Daily News and Analysis race American Journal of Human Genetics Irish history Kitty Prince of the Bear River Athabaskans Dragging Canoe Magdalenian culture Jack Goins China Douglas Preston Normans Scientific American haplogroup L Ancestry.com DNA databases