If you want to discover your genetic history and where you came from... you’ve found the right place!


review of scientific and news articles on dna testing and popular genetics

Acadian Anomalies

Monday, November 30, 2009
Anomalous Native American Lineages Now Identified Also among Micmac Indians After posting “Anomalous Mitochondrial DNA Lineages in the Cherokee,” and after being interviewed on the subject by an Internet radio show host, I was contacted by participants in the Amerindian Ancestry out of Acadia Project who were struck by similarities in results for the two groups. Established in 2006, the Amerindian Ancestry Out of Acadia DNA Project mission is to research and publish the mtDNA and Y chromosome genetic test results of site participants who descend from persons living in Nova Scotia and surrounding environs in the 17th and 18th centuries, focusing specifically upon the early population of l'Acadie. As part of the mission, the Project develops a database of published mtDNA and Y Chromosome test results and encourages the sharing of this information among other similarly focused studies for the purposes of comparison and the advancement of science and research. According to Project Administrator Marie A. Rundquist, “We descend from both Amerindians (mostly Mi’kmaq) and the early French settlers who arrived in Port Royal in the 1600s, many of them single French men who married Amerindian wives, whose families would become pioneers of the New World. Our family lines have extended well-beyond the original boundaries of what was known to the French as Acadia, but to our AmerIndian ancestors as Mi’kma’ki, as our ancestors settled the outer-reaches of Nova Scotia, including Cape Breton, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and Quebec. Our family lines continue to extend, traversing the entire North American continent and beyond.” She adds, “Many who live in the United States trace their genealogies back to the first Acadian AmerIndian immigrants who arrived in Louisiana after being deported from Nova Scotia by the British in 1755 (in the "Grand Deportation') -- and belong to a ‘Cajun’ community known worldwide for its food, flair, fun, and love of all things French. Several members belong, as it turns out, to rare haplogroups X, U, and other "anomalous types" as compiled by me for DNA Consultants customers and reported in the previous blog post. Some highlights from the study of Cherokee descendants are:
  • H, the most common European type today, is virtually absent, demonstrating lack of inflow from recent Europeans
  • J present in lines explicitly recognized to be Cherokee
  • X the signature of a Canaanite people whose center of diffusion was the Hills of Galilee, hypothetically correlating with Jews and Phoenicians
  • U suggesting Eastern Mediterranean, specifically Greek
  • K also suggesting Eastern Mediterranean or Middle Eastern, hypothetically correlating with Jews and Phoenicians
  • T reflecting Egyptian high frequencies found almost nowhere else
According to Elizabeth Caldwell Hirschman, the Cumberland Gap mtDNA Project with overlapping territory with the Cherokee and Melungeon homelands in the Southern Appalachian Mountains also shows elevated frequencies of T. Project administrator Roberta Estes recently published the results of a large study of Native American Eastern Seaboard mixed populations “in relation to Sir Walter Raleigh’s Lost Colony of Roanoke” in the online Journal of Genetic Genealogy, 5(2):96-130, 2009. Estes is a board member of the Melungeon Historical Society and has an introduction with links to the study and its data on the society’s blog, titled “Where Have All the Indians Gone?” Harvard University professor Barry Fell in his book Saga America first published in 1980 presented historical, epigraphic, archeological and linguistic evidence suggesting links between Greeks and Egyptians and the Algonquian Indians of Nova Scotia, Acadia and surrounding regions around the mouth of the St. Lawrence Seaway, particularly the Abnaki ("White") and Micmac Indians. He noted as early as 1976 in his previous study America B.C. that the second century CE Greek historian Plutarch recorded “Greeks had settled among the barbarian peoples of the Western Epeiros (continent).” Fell inferred from Plutarch’s passage “these Greeks had intermarried with the barbarians, had adopted thier language, but had blended their own Greek language with it.” In an appendix, he assembled extensive word-lists comparing Abenaki and Micmac vocabulary in the areas of navigation, fishing, astronomy, meteorology, justice and administration, medicine, anatomy, and economy with virtually identical terms in Ptolemaic Greek. One example is Greek ap’aktes Abenaki/Micmac ab’akt English “a distant shore.” Fell’s work was continued by John H. Cooper, “Ancient Greek Cultural and Linguistic Influences in Atlantic North America,” NEARA JOURNAL 35/2. Acadia project’s website is: http://www.familytreedna.com/public/AcadianAmerIndian/default.aspx.

More information about Melungeons
Toward a Genetic Profile of Melungeons in Southern Appalachia
Melungeon Studies
Melungeon Match


Anonymous commented on 18-Jun-2011 02:08 PM

My mother's family has roots from one of the very early Grandmother's of Acadia (Nova Scotia) and my father's parents were born in Sweden. I had my DNA done and my autosomal DNA gives me a 98.6 % with 1.86 error ratio of being from the Orkney Islands..
I am blown away by this finding as I never heard of Orkney Islands until this week and my mother's family is theoretically French.. I can see my father's family originating from the islands as he is a Swede.. I am very interested in any discussion on this
finding.. Thank you

Frazer Campbell commented on 09-Aug-2011 08:05 AM

Hi re the entry above about Nova Scotia and Orkney. It might be that your Orcadian roots are a result of contact with the Hudson Bay Company. Around 75% of Hudson Bay employees were from Orkney, quite a few married Cree women . I am busy with a project
until October 2011 but if you want help to explore this further let me know and I'll try my best. Kind regards Frazer Campbell

Keith Gilbert commented on 24-Mar-2012 04:55 PM

I am 72 years old, my mother was a Mouton. At age 8 my maternal grandmother told me we were Jews...ours was the most un religious family you can imatine.

Keith Gilbert commented on 28-Apr-2012 06:44 PM

I am a descendant of the Mouton line...am very interested in how the Jewish migration to Nova Scotia (Acadia) happened.

Please tell us what you think

Name, website, and email are optional; if we publish your comment, your name will be shown, and may be linked to your website if provided, but the email you enter will not be published.

Captcha Image

Recent Posts


cannibalism Jone Entine Les Miserables linguistics Black Dutch King Arthur, Tintagel, The Earliest Jews and Muslims of England and Wales Cismar Tom Martin Scroft Henriette Mertz Bureau of Indian Affairs INORA Belgium Akhenaten Greeks Cornwall Smithsonian Magazine haplogroup U Alabama Early Jews and Muslims of England and Wales (book) Tifaneg powwows Kurgan Culture Slovakia X chromosome Arizona State University Daniel Defoe AP Sasquatch Europe private allele Colin Pitchfork Bill Tiffee Jack Goins Discovery Channel Fritz Zimmerman European DNA CODIS markers bloviators Leicester Middle Ages DNA Fingerprint Test Cismaru Black Irish Choctaw Indians DNA security Holocaust Monya Baker climate change Irish DNA immunology Phillipe Charlier Israel, Shlomo Sand National Museum of Natural History Harry Ostrer Eric Wayner Majorca Valparaiso University Jewish contribution to world literature Science Daily, Genome Biol. Evol., Eran Elhaik, Khazarian Hypothesis, Rhineland Hypothesis Caucasian Lebanon Barnard College Hertfordshire archeology genetic memory mental foramen Neolithic Revolution B'nai Abraham Anne Marie Fine Gregory Mendel mummies Johnny Depp Navajo clinical chemistry Great Goddess John Wilwol Rafael Falk Charlotte Harris Reese genetic determinism Salt River Oxford Journal of Evolution Richard Dewhurst Stony Creek Baptist Church El Castillo cave paintings National Health Laboratories Life Technologies Ari Plost Khoisan DNA testing companies Pueblo Grande Museum ethics Denisovans Jewish novelists Ripan Malhi Lab Corp Altai Turks haplogroup L Applied Epistemology Hopi Indians Jim Bentley Cooper surname New Mexico Ron Janke human migrations Gravettian culture ethnicity Shlomo Sand George van der Merwede Michael Schwartz MHC Normans Constantine Rafinesque Wikipedia Melba Ketchum Ananya Mandal prehistoric art phenotype polydactylism university of North Carolina at Chapel Hill Alec Jeffreys Ziesmer, Zizmor autosomal DNA Timothy Bestor Virginia genealogy Helladic art admixture PNAS Jews and Muslims in British Colonial America Israel surnames Sizemore surname Neanderthals DNA Fingerprint Test Ashkenazi Jews Stan Steiner Bradshaw Foundation Russia Rutgers University Douglas Preston medicine Cancer Genome Atlas Irish Central North Carolina New York Academy of Sciences Smithsonian Institution Cleopatra Muslims in American history Current Anthropology single nucleotide polymorphism Jews India Sorbs Magdalenian culture Bering Land Bridge Scientific American Chris Stringer Nature Genetics Society for Crypto-Judaic Studies Abraham Lincoln Nephilim, Fritz Zimmerman Janet Lewis Crain African DNA Mexico Bentley surname research N. Brent Kennedy Zuni Indians ancient DNA The Nation magazine Washington D.C. human leukocyte testing Tucson Nature Communications Rare Genes Tintagel Freemont Indians Cajuns Stacy Schiff far from the tree American history haplogroup M news Pueblo Indians Horatio Cushman Jon Entine Sinti Melungeon Movement Cherokee DNA corn Arabic Gila River Penny Ferguson Plato Robinson Crusoe George Starr-Bresette Michoacan Phoenix Wales Rush Limbaugh haplogroup Z HapMap Phyllis Starnes Panther's Lodge Publishers Olmec Science magazine IntegenX Charles Darwin Hohokam Indians Virginia DeMarce Svante Paabo Native American DNA Thuya Kate Wong Maronites Mark Thomas William Byrd aliyah England population isolates giants Carl Zimmer M. J. Harper Mary Settegast statistics alleles Russell Belk familial Mediterranean fever occipital bun Finnish people mitochondrial DNA Moundbuilders epigenetics Tennessee megapopulations Peter Martyr clan symbols Bigfoot Gunnar Thompson Marie Cheng Turkic DNA Scotland Sea Peoples Egyptians Mary Kugler Keros myths Isabel Allende forensics anthropology Epigraphic Society Ukraine Patagonia Nayarit microsatellites Genome Sciences Building seafaring Early Jews of England and Wales Riane Eisler BATWING Secret History of the Cherokee Indians French Canadians Romania Telltown Arabia Celts Zizmer District of Columbia Zionism Old Souls in a New World Terry Gross Etruscans 23andme Melungeons Clovis BBCNews Population genetics Anasazi Waynesboro Pennsylvania Acadians North African DNA EURO DNA Fingerprint Test family history evolution prehistory Oxford Nanopore Roberta Estes consanguinity Wendy Roth Holocaust Database American Journal of Human Genetics Monica Sanowar Indo-Europeans Pima Indians Cohen Modal Haplotype Arizona haplogroup J Douglas Owsley Bryony Jones origins of art ethnic markers Roma People Sarmatians Italy genomics labs haplogroup B health and medicine methylation genealogy Anglo-Saxons hoaxes Jewish genetics crypto-Jews race FDA Louis XVI history of science Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act University of Leicester Kennewick Man Comanche Indians Irish history FOX News Solutreans Theodore Steinberg Yates surname GlobalFiler Barack Obama Abenaki Indians haplogroup H China Kari Schroeder haplogroup X Beringia Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute Patrick Henry Harold Sterling Gladwin Havasupai Indians New York Times Anacostia Indians Texas A&M University London pheromones Richard Lewontin Pomponia Graecina Basques Wendell Paulson haplogroup T personal genomics NPR DNA Forums Panther's Lodge Chris Tyler-Smith human leukocyte antigens Luca Pagani Rich Crankshaw Nikola Tesla religion Erika Chek Hayden research Walter Plecker Peter Parham genetics Victor Hugo First Peoples FBI haplogroup R Grim Sleeper Lithuania Nadia Abu El-Haj Dienekes Anthropology Blog DNA magazine John Butler art history Melungeon Union Paleolithic Age When Scotland Was Jewish Middle Eastern DNA mutation rate Britain Nova Scotia Sonora palatal tori Khazars ENFSI Asian DNA Harold Goodwin ISOGG Joseph Jacobs Asiatic Fathers of America Henry IV Elizabeth C. Hirschman Jalisco haplogroup N Elzina Grimwood Y chromosome DNA Albert Einstein College of Medicine Algonquian Indians Amy Harmon Sinaloa James Shoemaker Cave art breast cancer King Arthur Stone Age Tutankamun Richard Buckley oncology Y chromosomal haplogroups Philippa Langley Henry VII peopling of the Americas New York Review of Books andrew solomon Kari Carpenter Jewish GenWeb Chromosomal Labs Bode Technology Ireland Charles Perou Stephen Oppenheimer Miguel Gonzalez DNA databases Elvis Presley DNA Chauvet cave paintings Phoenicians Discover magazine Melanesians Kentucky population genetics Bulgaria Austro-Hungary Promega Gypsies Germany Michael Grant Teresa Panther-Yates Micmac Indians Ancient Giantns Who Ruled America education horizontal inheritance Chuetas Bode Technology Austronesian, Filipinos, Australoid Bryan Sykes Hohokam Columbia University Native American DNA Test Colin Renfrew Sam Kean National Geographic Daily News Melungeon Heritage Association rock art cancer Donald N. Yates Iran Daily News and Analysis hominids David Cornish French DNA rapid DNA testing Maya bar mitzvah Marija Gimbutas Richard III haplogroup E Colima Sizemore Indians